The Terrorist Attacks of 9/11 and the Resulting Changes to U.S. Homeland Security

The Terrorist Attacks of 9/11 and the Resulting Changes to U.S. Homeland Security_x000D_
On September 11, 2001, al-Qaida conducted a well-organized, coordinated attack against multiple major targets in the United States. These attacks were largely successful in achieving their goals, except for Flight 93, which was prevented by passengers aboard the airliner. Despite the latter, these attacks, described by many observers as a “Second Pearl Harbor,” not only successfully attacked their targets, but achieved greater long-term, strategic gains for the group, led by Osama bin Ladin. Clearly, the nation was caught off guard by these attacks._x000D_
Why was al-Qaida successful in carrying out these attacks? According to some sources, the problem lay in a communications breakdown or poor information-sharing among agencies such as the FBI, CIA, and National Security Agency (NSA). Also, al-Qaida operatives in the United States were able to blend into their communities. Read Investigating 9/11 for an interesting report concerning missed opportunities and lack of communication among intelligence agencies._x000D_
As a direct result of these attacks, U.S. Homeland Security undertook a re-evaluation in all government sectors, particularly among the two major domestic entities most responsible for defending the Homeland:_x000D_
The Intelligence Community_x000D_
The Department of Defense (DoD)_x000D_
Both groups implemented massive changes, backed by profound (and controversial) legislation from the White House and Congress._x000D_
The 9/11 attacks served to make important changes in the following sectors:_x000D_
These changes helped create Homeland Security as we know it today. Therefore, it is essential to explore the changes that resulted from the 9/11 attacks as well as the decision to go to war in Afghanistan._x000D_
Case Assignment_x000D_
Explain how al-Qaida was able to establish terrorist cells within the United States capable of carrying out these attacks without detection._x000D_
Go to the DHS Website Click: MISSION. Pick a mission and comment on it. For example, if it is Prevent Terrorism and Enhance Security, explain what is being done. Perhaps write about a recent terrorist act in the U.S., or explain what measures are used by businesses, hospitals, schools, etc.

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